SANTA FE, N.M. — New Mexico will stop charging sales taxes on limited amounts of medical marijuana and begin revising current limits on pot cultivation June 29 in the first steps toward legalization of recreational marijuana, top health and licensing regulators announced Wednesday in a letter to authorized cannabis businesses.
Medical marijuana businesses last month voiced concerns about a potential run on pot supplies and shortages during the transition to a legal recreational market if authorities don't move soon to lift a limit on the number of marijuana plants that each business can grow.
Democratic Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham enacted legislation last month that outlines the oversight, licensing and taxation of the recreational cannabis sector.
On Wednesday, state Heath Secretary Tracie Collins and Regulation and Licensing Superintendent Linda Trujillo voiced disagreement with warnings about an imminent marijuana shortage. They acknowledge that possession of up to 2 ounces of marijuana becomes legal on June 29 — but note that recreational marijuana sales won't kick off until later. The deadline for initiating those sales is April 1, 2022, and potentially earlier.
The letter also indicates that medical cannabis patients won't be shielded completely from current sales and future marijuana excise taxes, which will be levied on purchases in excess of the 90-day, 8-ounce supply limit for individual patients.
More than 115,000 people in a state of 2.1 million have enrolled in New Mexico's medical marijuana program under qualifying conditions ranging from cancer to post-traumatic stress.
“To the extent that a qualified patient’s purchases exceed the rolling 90-day adequate supply limit, those additional, ‘commercial cannabis’ purchases will not be deemed exempt from the cannabis excise tax or gross receipts tax,” the letter says.
Duke Rodriguez, the CEO of licensed marijuana provider Ultra Health, said the letter presents an adverse outcome for state-enrolled medical marijuana patients and fails to resolve uncertainty about a looming increase in consumer demand.
“Imagine that these enrollees are facing a 20% tax rate when in fact they were expecting to see more generous purchase limits and no tax applied at all,” Rodriguez said. “So the letter was a bit of a shock.”
The state's newly enacted Cannabis Regulation Act leaves many decisions about recreational marijuana oversight, including initial caps on cultivation, to the Regulation and Licensing Department and its rulemaking process that involves public comment.
“Rulemaking will include revisions to existing producer plant limits, although the content of the proposed rules has not yet been determined," the letter from regulators says. “The proposed rules will be made available to the public in late May, and a public hearing will be scheduled to occur on June 29, 2021, or shortly thereafter.”
Sponsors of recent marijuana reforms sought to do away with gross receipts taxes on medical cannabis sales that added about 5% and 9% to transactions, replicating exemptions for other medication.
The reforms place an additional 12% excise tax on recreational marijuana.